NEXRAD Level 2 File#

Use MetPy to read information from a NEXRAD Level 2 (volume) file and plot

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

from metpy.cbook import get_test_data
from metpy.io import Level2File
from metpy.plots import add_metpy_logo, add_timestamp
# Open the file
name = get_test_data('KTLX20130520_201643_V06.gz', as_file_obj=False)
f = Level2File(name)

print(f.sweeps[0][0])

Out:

Radial(header=Msg31DataHdr(stid=b'KTLX', time_ms=73003850, date=15846, az_num=1, az_angle=123.20343017578125, compression=0, rad_length=6856, az_spacing=0.5, rad_status=5, el_num=1, sector_num=1, el_angle=0.5987548828125, spot_blanking=None, az_index_mode=0.25, num_data_blks=7), vol_consts=VolConsts(type=b'R', name=b'VOL', size=44, major=1, minor=0, lat=35.33305740356445, lon=-97.27748107910156, site_amsl=369, feedhorn_agl=19, calib_dbz=-43.72919845581055, txpower_h=185.05685424804688, txpower_v=181.45559692382812, sys_zdr=-0.08510557562112808, phidp0=25.0, vcp=12, processing_status=None), elev_consts=ElConsts(type=b'R', name=b'ELV', size=12, atmos_atten=-0.012, calib_dbz0=-42.4375), radial_consts=RadConstsV1(type=b'R', name=b'RAD', size=20, unamb_range=466.0, noise_h=-79.71426391601562, noise_v=-79.39848327636719, nyq_vel=8.3), moments={b'REF': (DataBlockHdr(type=b'D', name=b'REF', reserved=0, num_gates=1832, first_gate=2.125, gate_width=0.25, tover=5.0, snr_thresh=1.6, recombined=None, data_size=8, scale=2.0, offset=66.0), array([ 6.5,  2.5, 11. , ...,  nan,  nan,  nan])), b'ZDR': (DataBlockHdr(type=b'D', name=b'ZDR', reserved=0, num_gates=1192, first_gate=2.125, gate_width=0.25, tover=5.0, snr_thresh=1.6, recombined=None, data_size=8, scale=16.0, offset=128.0), array([2.375 , 6.1875, 3.75  , ...,    nan,    nan,    nan])), b'PHI': (DataBlockHdr(type=b'D', name=b'PHI', reserved=0, num_gates=1192, first_gate=2.125, gate_width=0.25, tover=5.0, snr_thresh=1.6, recombined=None, data_size=16, scale=2.8361001014709473, offset=2.0), array([32.79150829, 41.60642988, 30.32333025, ...,         nan,
               nan,         nan])), b'RHO': (DataBlockHdr(type=b'D', name=b'RHO', reserved=0, num_gates=1192, first_gate=2.125, gate_width=0.25, tover=5.0, snr_thresh=1.6, recombined=None, data_size=8, scale=300.0, offset=-60.5), array([0.995     , 0.95833333, 0.99833333, ...,        nan,        nan,
              nan]))})
# Pull data out of the file
sweep = 0

# First item in ray is header, which has azimuth angle
az = np.array([ray[0].az_angle for ray in f.sweeps[sweep]])
diff = np.diff(az)
diff[diff > 180] -= 360.
diff[diff < -180] += 360.
avg_spacing = diff.mean()
az = (az[:-1] + az[1:]) / 2
az = np.concatenate(([az[0] - avg_spacing], az, [az[-1] + avg_spacing]))

# 5th item is a dict mapping a var name (byte string) to a tuple
# of (header, data array)
ref_hdr = f.sweeps[sweep][0][4][b'REF'][0]
ref_range = (np.arange(ref_hdr.num_gates + 1) - 0.5) * ref_hdr.gate_width + ref_hdr.first_gate
ref = np.array([ray[4][b'REF'][1] for ray in f.sweeps[sweep]])

rho_hdr = f.sweeps[sweep][0][4][b'RHO'][0]
rho_range = (np.arange(rho_hdr.num_gates + 1) - 0.5) * rho_hdr.gate_width + rho_hdr.first_gate
rho = np.array([ray[4][b'RHO'][1] for ray in f.sweeps[sweep]])
fig, axes = plt.subplots(1, 2, figsize=(15, 8))
add_metpy_logo(fig, 190, 85, size='large')
for var_data, var_range, ax in zip((ref, rho), (ref_range, rho_range), axes):
    # Turn into an array, then mask
    data = np.ma.array(var_data)
    data[np.isnan(data)] = np.ma.masked

    # Convert az,range to x,y
    xlocs = var_range * np.sin(np.deg2rad(az[:, np.newaxis]))
    ylocs = var_range * np.cos(np.deg2rad(az[:, np.newaxis]))

    # Plot the data
    ax.pcolormesh(xlocs, ylocs, data, cmap='viridis')
    ax.set_aspect('equal', 'datalim')
    ax.set_xlim(-40, 20)
    ax.set_ylim(-30, 30)
    add_timestamp(ax, f.dt, y=0.02, high_contrast=True)

plt.show()
NEXRAD Level 2 File

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 3.831 seconds)

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