edit

Ingest a New Grid

Unrecognized grids can be decoded by EDEX simply by dropping *.grib or *.grib2 files into /awips2/data_store/ingest/

To add support for a new grid, two edits must be made:

If the parameters in the grib file haven't been previously specified, another change may be needed as well:

  • Center, subcenter, discipline, category, and possibly parameter ID information may need to be defined in a table

Ingest an Unsupported Grid

Grib Products

  1. Download an example grib1 file and rename to a *.grib extension, then copy to the manual ingest point /awips2/data_store/ingest/

    wget https://www.unidata.ucar.edu/software/awips2/14102318_nmm_d01.GrbF00600 -O wrf.grib
    
    cp wrf.grib /awips2/data_store/ingest/
    

    Remember that the data distribution file (/awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/distribution/grib.xml) will match filenames which have the *.grib* extension.

  2. Confirm that the grib file decodes in the grib log file:

    edex log grib
    
    INFO [Ingest.GribDecode] /awips2/data_store/ingest/grib/20141026/14/wrf.grib processed in: 0.1200 (sec) Latency: 21.8080 (sec)
    INFO [Ingest.GribDecode] /awips2/data_store/ingest/grib/20141026/14/wrf.grib processed in: 0.1180 (sec) Latency: 21.8140 (sec)
    INFO [Ingest.GribDecode] /awips2/data_store/ingest/grib/20141026/14/wrf.grib processed in: 0.4230 (sec) Latency: 21.8360 (sec)
    INFO [Ingest.GribDecode] /awips2/data_store/ingest/grib/20141026/14/wrf.grib processed in: 0.2240 (sec) Latency: 21.9140 (sec)
    
    ...
    
  3. Check that the hdf5 data directory exists for our unnamed grid

    ls -latr /awips2/edex/data/hdf5/grid/GribModel:7:0:89
    

    Though the grib file has been decoded, it has been given a generic name with its center, subcenter, and process IDs (7, 0, 89, respectively).

Grib2 Products

  1. Download an example grib2 file and rename to a *.grib2 extension, then copy to the manual ingest point /awips2/data_store/ingest/

    wget https://www.unidata.ucar.edu/software/awips2/CPTI_00.50_20180502-000144.grib2 -O cpti.grib2
    
    cp cpti.grib2 /awips2/data_store/ingest/
    

    Remember that the data distribution file (/awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/distribution/grib.xml) will match filenames which have the *.grib* extension.

  2. Confirm that the grib file decodes in the grib log file:

    edex log grib
    
    INFO [Ingest.GribDecode] /awips2/data_store/ingest/cpti.grib2 processed in: 0.1200 (sec) Latency: 21.8080 (sec)
    INFO [Ingest.GribDecode] /awips2/data_store/ingest/cpti.grib2 processed in: 0.1180 (sec) Latency: 21.8140 (sec)
    INFO [Ingest.GribDecode] /awips2/data_store/ingest/cpti.grib2 processed in: 0.4230 (sec) Latency: 21.8360 (sec)
    INFO [Ingest.GribDecode] /awips2/data_store/ingest/cpti.grib2 processed in: 0.2240 (sec) Latency: 21.9140 (sec)
    
    ...
    

    Note: This step will likely fail, because the parameter is not yet defined. The error will look like:

    INFO  2020-07-20 20:34:17,710 2565 [GribPersist-1] GridDao: EDEX - Discarding record due to missing or unknown parameter mapping: /grid/2018-05-02_00:01:44.0_(0)/GribModel:161:0:97/null/null/403/Missing/FH/500.0/-999999.0
    INFO  2020-07-20 20:34:17,710 2566 [GribPersist-1] Ingest: EDEX: Ingest - grib2:: /awips2/data_store/ingest/CPTI_00.50_20180502-000144.grib2 processed in: 2.3550 (sec)
    INFO  2020-07-20 20:34:17,827 2567 [Ingest.GribDecode-6] grib: EDEX - No parameter information for center[161], subcenter[0], tableName[4.2.209.3], parameter value[61]
    

    In order to successfully ingest the example file, define the appropriate table.

  3. Check that the hdf5 data directory exists for our unnamed grid

    ls -latr /awips2/edex/data/hdf5/grid/GribModel:161:0:97
    

    Though the grib file has been decoded, it has been given a generic name with its center, subcenter, and process IDs (161, 0, 97, respectively).


Determine Grid Projection

Grib Products

When the grid was ingested a record was added to the grid_coverage table with its navigation information:

psql metadata

metadata=# select nx,ny,dx,dy,majoraxis,minoraxis,la1,lo1,lov,latin1,latin2 from gridcoverage where id=(select distinct(location_id) from grid_info where datasetid='GribModel:7:0:89');
 nx  | ny  |        dx        |        dy        | majoraxis | minoraxis |       la1        |        lo1        |        lov        |      latin1      |      latin2      
-----+-----+------------------+------------------+-----------+-----------+------------------+-------------------+-------------------+------------------+------------------
 201 | 155 | 4.29699993133545 | 4.29699993133545 |   6378160 |   6356775 | 42.2830009460449 | -72.3610000610352 | -67.0770034790039 | 45.3680000305176 | 45.3680000305176
(1 row)

Compare with the projection info returned by wgrib on the original file (look at the bolded sections below and make sure they match up with the corresponding entries returned from the database above):

wgrib -V wrf.grib  
rec 799:27785754:date 2014102318 ALBDO kpds5=84 kpds6=1 kpds7=0 levels=(0,0) grid=255 sfc 6hr fcst: bitmap: 736 undef
  ALBDO=Albedo [%]
  timerange 0 P1 6 P2 0 TimeU 1  nx 201 ny 155 GDS grid 3 num_in_ave 0 missing 0
  center 7 subcenter 0 process 89 Table 2 scan: WE:SN winds(grid) 
  Lambert Conf: Lat1 42.283000 Lon1 -72.361000 Lov -67.077000
      Latin1 45.368000 Latin2 45.368000 LatSP 0.000000 LonSP 0.000000
      North Pole (201 x 155) Dx 4.297000 Dy 4.297000 scan 64 mode 8
  min/max data 5 21.9  num bits 8  BDS_Ref 50  DecScale 1 BinScale 0

Notice that our grib file has a Lambert Conformal projection. We will need these values for the next step. Note that there is a tolerance of +/- 0.1 degrees to keep in mind when defining your coverage area.

Grib2 Products

When the grid was ingested a record was added to the grid_coverage table with its navigation information:

psql metadata

metadata=# select nx,ny,dx,dy,majoraxis,minoraxis,la1,lo1,lov,latin1,latin2 from gridcoverage where id=(select distinct(location_id) from grid_info where datasetid='GribModel:161:0:97');

nx  | ny  |  dx   |  dy   | majoraxis | minoraxis |    la1    | lo1 | lov | latin1 | latin2 
-----+-----+-------+-------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----+-----+--------+--------
600 | 640 | 0.005 | 0.005 |           |           | 40.799999 | 261 |     |        |       
(1 row)

Compare with the projection info returned by wgrib2 on the original file (look at the bolded sections below and make sure they match up with the corresponding entries returned from the database above):

wgrib2 -grid -nxny cpti.grib2
1:0:grid_template=0:winds(N/S):
    lat-lon grid:(600 x 640) units 1e-06 input WE:NS output WE:SN res 48
    lat 40.799999 to 37.599999 by 0.005000
    lon 260.999999 to 263.999999 by 0.005000 #points=384000:(600 x 640)
  ...

Notice that our grib2 file has a Lat/lon Grid projection. Where:

  • nx is 600
  • ny is 640
  • dx is 0.005
  • dy is 0.005
  • la1 is 40.799999
  • lo1 is 261

We will need these values for the next step. Note that there is a tolerance of +/- 0.1 degrees to keep in mind when defining your coverage (la1 and lo1) area.


Create Grid Projection File

Grid projection files are stored in /awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/grib/grids/ and there are four grid coverage types available:

  1. lambertConformalGridCoverage (example: RUCIcing.xml)

    <lambertConformalGridCoverage>
        <name>305</name>
        <description>Regional - CONUS (Lambert Conformal)</description>
        <la1>16.322</la1>
        <lo1>-125.955</lo1>
        <firstGridPointCorner>LowerLeft</firstGridPointCorner>
        <nx>151</nx>
        <ny>113</ny>
        <dx>40.63525</dx>
        <dy>40.63525</dy>
        <spacingUnit>km</spacingUnit>
        <minorAxis>6356775.0</minorAxis>
        <majorAxis>6378160.0</majorAxis>
        <lov>-95.0</lov>
        <latin1>25.0</latin1>
        <latin2>25.0</latin2>
    </lambertConformalGridCoverage>
    
  2. polarStereoGridCoverage (example seaice_south1_grid.xml)

    <polarStereoGridCoverage>
        <name>405</name>
        <description>Sea Ice south 690X710 13km grid</description>
        <la1>-36.866</la1>
        <lo1>139.806</lo1>
        <firstGridPointCorner>LowerLeft</firstGridPointCorner>
        <nx>690</nx>
        <ny>710</ny>
        <dx>12.7</dx>
        <dy>12.7</dy>
        <spacingUnit>km</spacingUnit>
        <minorAxis>6371229.0</minorAxis>
        <majorAxis>6371229.0</majorAxis>
        <lov>100.0</lov>
    </polarStereoGridCoverage>
    
  3. latLonGridCoverage (example UkmetHR-SHemisphere.xml)

    <latLonGridCoverage>
        <name>864162002</name>
        <description>UKMet HiRes combined - Southern Hemisphere
            Longitude range 71.25E - 70.416E </description>
        <la1>-89.721</la1>
        <lo1>71.25</lo1>
        <firstGridPointCorner>LowerLeft</firstGridPointCorner>
        <nx>864</nx>
        <ny>162</ny>
        <dx>0.833</dx>
        <dy>0.556</dy>
        <spacingUnit>degree</spacingUnit>
        <la2>-0.278</la2>
        <lo2>70.416</lo2>
    </latLonGridCoverage>
    
  4. mercatorGridCoverage (example gridNBM_PR.xml)

    <mercatorGridCoverage>
        <name>NBM_PR</name>
        <description> National Blend Grid over Puerto Rico - (1.25 km)</description>
        <la1>16.9775</la1>
        <lo1>-68.0278</lo1>
        <firstGridPointCorner>LowerLeft</firstGridPointCorner>
        <nx>339</nx>
        <ny>225</ny>
        <dx>1.25</dx>
        <dy>1.25</dy>
        <la2>19.3750032477232</la2>
        <lo2>-63.984399999999994</lo2>
        <latin>20</latin>
        <spacingUnit>km</spacingUnit>
        <minorAxis>6371200</minorAxis>
        <majorAxis>6371200</majorAxis>
    </mercatorGridCoverage>
    

Grib Products

Copy an existing xml file with the same grid projection type (in this case lambertConformalGridCoverage) to a new file wrf.xml:

cd /awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/grib/grids/
cp RUCIcing.xml wrf.xml

And edit the new wrf.xml to define the projection values using the output from wgrib or the database (example provided):

vi wrf.xml

<lambertConformalGridCoverage>
    <name>201155</name>
    <description>Regional - CONUS (Lambert Conformal)</description>
    <la1>42.2830009460449</la1>
    <lo1>-72.3610000610352</lo1>
    <firstGridPointCorner>LowerLeft</firstGridPointCorner>
    <nx>201</nx>
    <ny>155</ny>
    <dx>4.29699993133545</dx>
    <dy>4.29699993133545</dy>
    <spacingUnit>km</spacingUnit>
    <minorAxis>6356775.0</minorAxis>
    <majorAxis>6378160.0</majorAxis>
    <lov>-67.0770034790039</lov>
    <latin1>45.3680000305176</latin1>
    <latin2>45.3680000305176</latin2>
</lambertConformalGridCoverage>

Note: Notice the <name>201155</name> tag was defined from the number of grid points (201 and 155). This value will be matched against an entry in our models file (below) to set the name of the model (e.g. WRF).

Grib2 Products

Copy an existing xml file with the same grid projection type (in this case latLonGridCoverage) to a new file cpti.xml:

cd /awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/grib/grids/
cp MRMS-1km.xml cpti.xml

And edit the new cpti.xml to define the projection values using the output from wgrib2 or the database (example provided):

vi cpti.xml

<latLonGridCoverage>
    <name>600640</name>
    <description>Small domain for CPTI products</description>
    <la1>40.799999</la1>
    <lo1>261</lo1>
    <firstGridPointCorner>UpperLeft</firstGridPointCorner>
    <nx>600</nx>
    <ny>640</ny>
    <dx>0.005</dx>
    <dy>0.005</dy>
    <spacingUnit>degree</spacingUnit>
</latLonGridCoverage>

Note: Notice the <name>384000</name> tag was defined from the number of grid points (600 and 640). This value will be matched against an entry in our models file (below) to set the name of the model (e.g. CPTI).


Create Model Definition

Model definition XML files are found in /awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/grib/models/.

Grid Prodcuts

Since our grib file has a center ID of 7 (NCEP) we will edit the gribModels_NCEP-7.xml file.

cd /awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/grib/models/

vi gribModels_NCEP-7.xml

In <gribModelSet> add an entry:

    <model>
        <name>WRF</name>
        <center>7</center>
        <subcenter>0</subcenter>
        <grid>201155</grid>
        <process>
            <id>89</id>
        </process>
    </model>

Save the file and restart EDEX for the changes to take effect:

sudo service edex_camel restart ingestGrib

Now copy the wrf.grib file again to /awips2/data_store/ingest/. If everything is correct we will not see any persistence errors since the grid is now named WRF and not GribModel:7:0:89.

cp wrf.grib /awips2/data_store/ingest/

edex log grib

After you have confirmed that the grid was ingested with the given name, you can edit the D2D product menus to display the new grid.

Grib2 Products

Since our grib2 file has a center of 161 (NOAA) we will edit the gribModels_NOAA-161.xml file.

cd /awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/grib/models/

vi gribModels_NOAA-161.xml

In <gribModelSet>, under the <-- Subcenter 0 --> comment, add an entry:

<model>
    <name>CPTI</name>
    <center>161</center>
    <subcenter>0</subcenter>
    <grid>600640</grid>
    <process>
        <id>97</id>
    </process>
</model>

Save the model file and restart edex:

sudo service edex_camel restart ingestGrib

Now if you drop cpti.grib2 into the manual endpoint again, it should ingest without any persistence errors.


Adding a Table

If you ingest a piece of data and the parameter appears as unknown in the metadata database, ensure that the correct parameter tables are in place for the center/subcenter.

The tables are located in /awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/grib/tables/. They are then broken into subdirectories using the following structure: /[Center]/[Subcenter]/4.2.[Discipine].[Category].table.

Grib products

The center and subcenter have been identified previously here and here, as 7 and 0, respectively. So, the corresponding directory is:

/awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/grib/tables/7/0/

To find the discipline of a grib product, you need the process and table values from the grib file. These are output with the wgrib -V command:

wgrib -V wrf.grib  
rec 799:27785754:date 2014102318 ALBDO kpds5=84 kpds6=1 kpds7=0 levels=(0,0) grid=255 sfc 6hr fcst: bitmap: 736 undef
  ALBDO=Albedo [%]
  timerange 0 P1 6 P2 0 TimeU 1  nx 201 ny 155 GDS grid 3 num_in_ave 0 missing 0
  center 7 subcenter 0 process 89 Table 2 scan: WE:SN winds(grid) 
  Lambert Conf: Lat1 42.283000 Lon1 -72.361000 Lov -67.077000
      Latin1 45.368000 Latin2 45.368000< LatSP 0.000000 LonSP 0.000000
      North Pole (201 x 155) Dx 4.297000 Dy 4.297000 scan 64 mode 8
  min/max data 5 21.9  num bits 8  BDS_Ref 50  DecScale 1 BinScale 0

For our example, the process is 89 and table is 2. Next, take a look in:

 /awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/grid/grib1ParameterConvTable.xml

And find the entry that has grib1 data with TableVersion 2 and Value 89:

<grib1Parameter>
    <center>7</center>
    <grib1TableVersion>2</grib1TableVersion>
    <grib1Value>89</grib1Value>
    <grib2discipline>0</grib2discipline>
    <grib2category>3</grib2category>
    <grib2Value>10</grib2Value>
  </grib1Parameter>

Here, we can see the discipline and category values (referred to as x above) are 0 and 3, respectively.

So, the table needed for our example file is:

/awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/grib/tables/7/0/4.2.0.3.table

Grib2 Products

If you are using a grib2 file, then you can use either the log output or the -center, -subcenter, and -full_name options on wgrib2 to get the center, subcenter, discipline, category, and parameter information:

The table would be found in the directory structure using this file's center and subcenter. The center can be found by either:

  • Running the following command:

    wgrib2 -center cpti.grib2
      1:0:center=US NOAA Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research
    ...
    

    And then looking up the corresponding value for "US NOAA Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research" at this website, where it happens to be 161.

OR:

  • Running the following command:
wgrib2 -varX cpti.grib2
 1:0:var209_255_1_161_3_61
...
Where the 4th argument after "var" is the center id, in this case **161**.

To get the subcenter, simply run:

wgrib2 -subcenter cpti.grib2
  1:0:subcenter=0
...

The subcenter of this file is 0.

So based on the center and subcenter, the corresponding directory is:

/awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/grib/tables/161/0/

To find the exact table, we need the discipline and category:

wgrib2 -full_name cpti.grib2
    1:0:var209_3_61.500_m_above_mean_sea_level
  ...

In this case the discipline is 209 and category is 3, so the corresponding table is:

4.2.209.3.table

So, the full path to the corresponding table would be:

/awips2/edex/data/utility/common_static/base/grib/tables/161/0/4.2.209.3.table

The parameter ID was also listed in that output as 61. Make sure that specific parameter information is defined in the table:

...
56:56:Reflectivity at -20C:dBZ:ReflectivityM20C
57:57:Reflectivity At Lowest Altitude (RALA):dBZ:ReflectivityAtLowestAltitude
58:58:Merged Reflectivity At Lowest Altitude (RALA):dBZ:MergedReflectivityAtLowestAltitude
59:59:CPTI 80mph+:%:CPTI80mph
61:61:CPTI 110mph+:%:CPTI110mph

You will have to restart ingestGrib for the changes to take place:

  sudo service edex_camel restart ingestGrib

Now you can try re-ingesting the grib2 file.


Troubleshooting Grib Ingest

  • Make sure the latitude and longitude entries in your coverage specification file match those of your ingested raw grib file. There is a tolerance of +/- 0.1 degree to keep in mind when defining your coverage area.

  • If some of the information is unknown, using a grib utility application such as wgrib and wgrib2 can be useful in determining the information that must be added to correctly process a new grib file.

  • If you are experiencing Segmentation fault errors when running wgrib2, it may be best to install the latest version using the following command:

    yum install wgrib2
    

    And then you may either need to change where wgrib2 points to, or use /bin/wgrib2 to run the recently downloaded version.